Obat Antibiotika Aman Untuk Ibu Hamil dan Menyusui

Nama Generik Kategori Risiko Kehamilan Risiko Menyusui
Amoxicillin B L1
Aztreonam B L2
Cefadroxil B L1
Cefazolin B L1
Cefotaxime B L2
Cefoxitin B L1
Cefprozil C L1
Ceftazidime B L1
Ceftriaxone B L2
Ciprofloxacin C L3
Clindamycin B L3
Erythromycin B L1
L3 early postnatal
Fleroxacin NR
Gentamicin C L2
Kanamycin D L2
Moxalactam NR
Nitrofurantoin B L2
Ofloxacin C L2
Penicillin B L1
Streptomycin D L3
Sulbactam NR
Sulfisoxazole C L2
Tetracycline D L2
Ticarcillin B L1
Trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole C L3


*  Per the AAP Policy Statement The Transfer of Drugs and Other Chemicals Into Human Milk, revised September 2001. ·         

  • Approved: (Table 6) Maternal Medication Usually Compatible With Breastfeeding·         
  • Concern: (Table 4) Drugs for Which the Effect on Nursing Infants Is Unknown but May Be of Concern·         
  • Caution: (Table 5) Drugs That Have Been Associated With Significant Effects on Some Nursing Infants and Should Be Given to Nursing Mothers With Caution ·         
  • NR: Not Reviewed. This drug has not yet been reviewed by the AAP. 


** Per Medications’ and Mothers’ Milk by Thomas Hale, PhD (2004 edition).

 Lactation Risk Categories  Pregnancy Risk Categories
L1 (safest) · L2 (safer) · L3 (moderately safe) · L4 (possibly hazardous) ·   L5 (contraindicated)
  • A (controlled studies show no risk) 
  • B (no evidence of risk in humans) 
  • C (risk cannot be ruled out) 
  • D (positive evidence of risk) 
  •  X (contraindicated in pregnancy)
NR: Not Reviewed. This drug has not yet been reviewed by Hale.
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